Phytochemical Screening and Antibacterial Activity of Bawang Dayak (Eleutherine sp.) and Hati Tanah (Angiopteris sp.)and Their Combination Against Propionibacterium acnes

Novaryatiin, Susi (2019) Phytochemical Screening and Antibacterial Activity of Bawang Dayak (Eleutherine sp.) and Hati Tanah (Angiopteris sp.)and Their Combination Against Propionibacterium acnes. International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics, 11 (3). pp. 11-13. ISSN 0975-7058

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Abstract

Objective: The objective of this research was to investigate the preliminary phytochemical screening and antibacterial activity of Bawang Dayak (Eleutherine sp.) and Hati Tanah (Angiopteris sp.) and their combination against Propionibacterium acnes. Methods: The extracts were used for phytochemical screening. Antibacterial activity was performed using disc diffusion technique, with two variations of the concentration of 5% and 10% for each extracts, and combination of both extracts with three combinations: (1) 5%: 5%, (2) 5%: 10%, and (3) 10%: 5%. Results: Both extracts contained tannins, saponins, and steroids. The antibacterial activity against P. acnes showed that the inhibition zones of Bawang Dayak ethanol extract were 6.1±1.5 mm (5%) and 8.7±1.3 mm (10%). On the other hand, the inhibition zones of Hati Tanah ethanol extract were 4.0±1.6 mm (5%) and 9.2±2.5 mm (10%). The inhibition zones produced in combinations 1, 2, and 3 were 5.8±0.3 mm, 10.8±2.0 mm, and 15.5±2.8 mm, respectively. Conclusion: In this study showed the presence of tannins, saponins, and steroids that might be responsible for antibacterial activity in both extract. The best antibacterial activity was produced by combining the two extracts (combination 3).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antibacterial activity, Eleutherine sp, Angiopteris sp, Propionibacterium acnes
Subjects: 500 Natural Science and Mathematics > 570 - 579 Biology > 579 Microorganisms > 579.3 Prokaryotes, Bacteria, Bacteriology
600 Technology and Applied Sciences > 610 - 619 Medical and Medicine Science > 615 Pharmacology and Therapeutics > 615.1 Drugs, Medicine, Materia Medica
600 Technology and Applied Sciences > 630 - 639 Agriculture and Related Technologies > 635 Garden Crops, Horticulture, Vegetables > 635.2 Edible Tubers and Bulbs
Divisions: Perpustakaan > Journals
Depositing User: Publikasi Library UMPR
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2022 07:42
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2023 03:07
URI: http://repository.umpr.ac.id/id/eprint/124

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